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Cave Bass - Liopropoma mowbrayi

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Not seen very often in the trade, the Cave Bass (Liopropoma mowbrayi) is solid red with blue fin trim and a yellow stripe on its snout. They are very shy and reclusive, so provide lots of rock for hiding places.

Most Liopropoma basses are found on deep reefs, although some can be found in shallower waters as well. As is common with lower light or deeper water fish, most are some variation of red, yellow, and/or orange. Though the maximum sizes vary with species, the behavior remains consistent, relative to their size. These basses are territorial and will remain close to their "home" rock, cave or ledge, venturing out for food and defense. They are safe with most fish and invertebrates that are too large to be eaten (small ornaments crustaceans are generally not safe), and they do not bother hard or soft corals.

Liopropoma basses need a varied meaty diet. Some may accept prepared foods like flakes, pellets and frozen formulas, but they should be given frozen and fresh foods as well like brine shrimp, scallop, clam, mysis and similar items. In an established aquarium with plenty of live rock and a healthy microinvertebrate population, they will often graze on copepods, amphipods and similar inverts. They may not eat if intimidated or stressed by larger tankmates or by another Liopropoma in the tank.


Common NameCave Bass
Scientific NameLiopropoma mowbrayi
Reef SafeYes
Invert SafeYes
Community SafeYes
Max Size (in inches)3.5
Min Tank Size (in gallons)30
Originwestern Atlantic
Specific Gravity Range1.020-1.024
pH Range8.0-8.4
Temperature Range75-82

State Restrictions
Armed Forces Americas
Armed Forces Europe
Armed Forces Pacific
Puerto Rico


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