Though a few species grow too large, many fish from the Lamprologus, Neolamprologus, Lepidiolamprologus and Telmatochromis genera are often referred to as the "Shell-dwellers". These small, fairly peaceful cichlids live and spawn in empty snail shells or occassionally in small caves and crevices. They are ideal for smaller aquariums and plenty of empty shells should be provided; freshwater snail shells like those from Apple Snails are generally best as saltwater snail shells are typically too heavy for the fish to move. They situate their particular shell in the sandy bottom of the lake, and guard it quite fiercely, as it is used for shelter and spawning.
Cichlids from Lake Tanganyika can be divided into several main varieties. Some of the most popular are the shell-dwellers and torpedo-like bottom-dwellers from the genera Lamprologus, Neolamprologus, Altolamprologus and Julidochromis. These fish are very similar and the sceintific classification of some, especially the Neo/Alto/Lamprologus cichlids, have been reclassified often in recent years. Cichlids from the Cyprichromis and Paracyprichromis genera are open-water sardine-like fish usually found in schools in their native lake. Tropheus cichlids and the “Frontosa's” from genus Cyphotilapia are popular large cichlids that seem beastly in comparison to the tiny “Lamps” and “Julies”. Other types of Tanganyikan cichlids include goby-like bottom-dwellers and fish known to sift through mouthfuls of substrate. Many regional variants exist in these groups.
The water chemistry in the African rift lakes is notoriously unique. Lake Tanganyika is particularly hard with a very high pH, although many fish that have been captive-bred may be acclimated to more moderate conditions similar to those in Lake Victoria or Lake Malawi. As many Tanganyikan cichlids are sensitive to water quality and changes in water quality, make sure conditions are stable.
Décor for a Tanganyikan aquarium should provide rockwork for the cichlids to hide in and around and can be created using tufa rock or lava rock. As most species sift through the substrate, open areas should also be provided. Tanks housing open-water or larger species should be more sparsely decorated. The substrate for these aquariums should be fine and smooth-edged; whitish coral sand or black buffered substrate is popular. Wood tends to lower pH and is not usually recommended for African cichlid aquariums.
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**Note about scientific naming: As African cichlids are continually being discovered and redescribed, many scientific names have been changed over time. One of the most affected groups are the shell-dwellers from the genera Lamprologus, Neolamprologus, Altolamprologus, and Telmatochromis. Classification guidelines have changed and the true "correctness" of the classifications is still highly debated. These genera are still used interchangeably to refer to the same fish in some references.**
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That Fish Place
|Scientific Name||Neolamprologus multifasciatus|
|Origin||Lake Tanganyika (Africa)|
|Max Size (in inches)||1.5|
|Community Safe||Yes, with caution (African cichlids only)|
|Min Tank Size (in gallons)||10|
|Armed Forces Americas|
|Armed Forces Europe|
|Armed Forces Pacific|
Ratings & Reviews
by Liam Frangos
These fish are incredible and are great from beginning to end
<br>They are not super pretty but they make up for it in personality. I would also recommend Bettas if you want an even more interactive fish
One of my favorites!
The mature size is dependent upon tank size & water conditions. I've seen closer to 3" males in one breeder's fish room (ideal conditions). The tank was at least 55 gal. I've bred them very successfully in a 10 gal. with 7.2 pH & 250 ppm hardness. One caveat; this line has been bred under these same conditions for several generations. I've also bred them in a community tank with South American dwarf cichlids, tetras, etc. without as much success; the babies were picked off & eaten by hungry tank-mates. These are some of the most fascinating fish to watch. They are the most incredible parents & will defend family against MUCH larger fish. They are absolutely fearless. Their color might not be as beautiful as some of their cousins, but their bright blue eyes give away their "can do" attitude. I'd recommend this breed to anyone from beginner to veteran.
they are cool
they are pretty cool