The experts at That Fish Place have established this guide to help you understand and choose pond plants. Below you will find a wealth of information on the types of pond plants available for your water garden or pond, as well as what makes each kind desirable.
Do I Need Pond Plants?
Many aspiring pond owners ask this question as they begin in this fascinating hobby. Upon installing their ponds and appropriate filtration, owners question whether it is necessary to add some natural greenery. The answer to this question depends on your own personal preferences. Besides the aesthetic qualities of keeping aquatic plants, below are some of the advantages of adding live pond plants to your water garden or pond:
Types of Pond Plants
Submerged Pond Plants:As their name suggests, submerged pond plants live entirely underwater, sometimes with leaves that grow towards the top of the water. When added to a pond or water garden, these pond plants are generally potted and positioned one to two feet below water level, or may simply be placed into a shallow area of the pond. The most prolific and easily identifiable submersible pond plants are the water lilies. Water lilies are available in both hardy and tropical varieties, with the tropical species being more intensely colored and less cold tolerant then their hardy cousins. Other varieties of submersible pond plants are referred to as oxygenators, for their ability to add large quantities of oxygen to your pond's water. Oxygenators tend to be grassy-type submersible plants, such as elodea (anacharis) or hornwort and do not need to be potted. With the exception of tropical varieties, submersible pond plants generally do well in most climates and can be wintered inside ponds in colder temperatures. Some examples of submersible pond plants are:
Marginal Pond Plants:
Also known as bog plants, marginal plants are those that live with their roots below water, but the majority of the plant is above the surface. In a pond or water garden, these plants are placed with their pots barely submerged. Probably the most extensive category of pond plants, the majority of species available to hobbyists fall into this category. Many species feature bright colored flowers and lush foliage. These plants are generally kept potted for ease of maintenance and control, but can just as easily be planted in the bog areas of the pond. Non-tropical marginal plants can be wintered in most colder climates by placing them into the deeper levels of your pond, where the water is less likely to freeze entirely. Some examples of marginal pond plants are:
Floating Pond Plants:
These species are well-known for their ability to multiply quickly. Free-floating, these plants are great for providing shade and keeping algae growth down in your pond or water garden. Their long roots can act as a pond water cleaner as well: trapping nuisance particles of debris and silt as they float along the pond's surface. Many pond keepers will place floating pond plants in their external filter boxes for additional filtration and enhanced growth. Some species of floating pond plants are: