Types of Fish Food

Flake Food

Flake Food is the most common of all fish foods and is generally the easiest to use. You simply sprinkle a little over the top of your water and the fish come up to feast! A variety of flakes are available for specific fish. Marine flake is designed for a saltwater fishes' diet, while community tropical flake is for freshwater fish like tetras, barbs, or angels. Goldfish have their very own flake, as well as cichlids. The ingredients within each flake were chosen based on the natural diet of each type of fish. A flake food is a great basic staple food for all fish, each according to its type.


Pellets come in a variety of sizes but most are for larger fish. Cichlid pellets are common, as well as pellets for larger predatory fish like catfish or sharks. Pellets contain the same basic ingredients as flake foods, just in a different form. Some pellets are designed to float, while others will slowly sink to feed bottom-dwellers. Try pellets for your larger fish, like Oscars, catfish, large cichlids, groupers, etc.


Freeze-dried foods are a great supplemental food, an excellent alternative to live food that can carry diseases. This type of food is all-natural, usually in whole form. They have plenty of nutritional value and flavor that your fish will crave. Available varieties include krill, plankton, bloodworms, and other fish favorites. All fish will eagerly feed on freeze-dried foods, though give sparingly, not as their primary diet.


Fish go crazy for frozen food! If you have a finicky eater, try some natural frozen food- it is sure to get them to nibble! Like freeze-dried food, frozen food is in its natural form, with varieties ranging from brine shrimp, krill, mysis, and other basics, to nutritious specialty blends created for specific fish, like Discus formula or Shark formula. Frozen food will be your fishes' favorite! Feed as a supplement to their regular staple diet. A perfect alternative to live food!

Spirulina/Dried Seaweed

Spirulina is a highly nutritious algae that many fish love. It's great for herbivorous cichlids and saltwater fish like clownfish and tangs. Seaweed is available as dried sheets. Tangs, cichlids, and plecos will love this veggie snack. Feed spirulina as part of their regular diet, and feed seaweed as a weekly treat.

Other Foods

Many fish will appreciate a leaf of romaine lettuce every now and then, and goldfish & plecos would love a slice or two of cucumber! Pacus enjoy frozen peas and lima beans. Your larger carnivores may appreciate frozen beefheart or perhaps frozen squid or silversides. Some fish eagerly feast on earthworms, mealworms, and even crickets! Pufferfish and loaches love to crunch a few snails, too! Read about your particular fishes' diet in the wild and see what you can find to give your fish a healthy, tasty diet that they'll love!