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Redtail Leopardus Pleco - Pseudacanthicus leopardus L114 - Small

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Item: 235313

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The Redtail Leopardus Pleco (Pseudacanthicus leopardus, L114) is also sometimes referred to as the "Leopard Cactus Pleco". It has a light brown body color covered with dark brown to black spots. The fins develop a bright red-orange color. Some variation exists between individuals and with age and geographic region. This pleco is mostly a meat-eater; some plant matter can be given as a supplement but it should be provided with a primary diet of foods like shrimp, krill, worms, fishflesh and similar foods. They are not usually predatory on other fish, however.

The fish commonly known as "plecos" come from the family Loricariidae, also known as the “armored catfish”. They include fish from the genera Ancistrus, Baryancistrus, Chaetostoma, Hypostomus, Leporacanthicus, Panaque, Peckoltia, Pseudancistrus and many others. They are known to many as "suckerfish" due to the shape of their body and mouth and are often sold as algae-eaters even though many of them eat little algae. In addition to the two-part scientific names used for all living things, plecos also have their own naming system that identifies them by "L-number" or "LDA-number". Though this is not an "official" naming method, it is popular among hobbyists and collectors.

Plecos are generally flattened with a large, round head and skinnier body. The body is covered by hard plates and many have strong spines in their fins and even along the body. The mouths are on the underside of the fish and are used to rasp food from hard surfaces and to help the pleco maintain its position in the water flow.

Plecos are commonly purchased by new and experienced aquarists alike as algae-eaters; most plecos do not eat algae or need other foods in their diet as well. The genera Ancistrus, Peckoltia and Otocinclus are a few common, smaller plecos that will help control algae without eating live plants. Many others are omnivores (eat both plant matter and meaty foods), carnivores (primarily eat meaty foods) or scavengers (eat whatever they can find). Some plecos, notably those from the Panaque genus, even eat wood as part of their diet and wood should be provided as part of the aquarium decor.

Many plecos also get very large and their size as well as their waste production make them unsuitable for small aquariums. The very common Trinidad Pleco/Common Pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus) grows close to two feet in length. As with any other tank residents, choose plecos carefully with respect to their size, behavior and diet.
Common NameRedtail Leopardus Pleco - Small
Scientific NamePseudacanthicus leopardus L114
OriginSouth America
Max Size (in inches)9.5
Community SafeYes, with caution
pH Range6.0-7.0
DietOmnivore (mostly meat)
Min Tank Size (in gallons)55
Temperature Range75-82
DifficultyEasy to Moderate

Ratings & Reviews

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great botton feeder


The pictures up top do no justice for these plecos. Probably my favorite addition to my tank. If you like leopard patterns then its a must have. Also no meaty foods will sit for long. very good eater even in daytime. Will not touch algae though