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Emerald Pleco - Baryancistrus demantoides/Hemiancistrus subviridis L200 - Large

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Two plecos are commonly known as the "Emerald Pleco" and with the L-number classification of L200: Baryancistrus demantoides and Hemiancistrus subviridis. When small, they are nearly identical. As they mature, the main difference between the two is found on the dorsal and adipose fin (the small fin behind the dorsal fin). These two fins are connected on H. subviridis and separate on B. demantoides.

Otherwise, the body coloration on both is normally an olive to emerald green which intensifies with age, hence their name, and is speckled with yellow spots. They are also sometimes referred to as the "Green Phantom Pleco". This pleco is primarily herbivorous, feeding on mostly plant matter with a small amount of supplemental meaty foods.

The fish commonly known as "plecos" come from the family Loricariidae, also known as the "armored catfish". They include fish from the genera Ancistrus, Baryancistrus, Chaetostoma, Hypostomus, Leporacanthicus, Panaque, Peckoltia, Pseudancistrus and many others. They are known to many as "suckerfish" due to the shape of their body and mouth and are often sold as algae-eaters even though many of them eat little algae. In addition to the two-part scientific names used for all living things, plecos also have their own naming system that identifies them by "L-number" or "LDA-number". Though this is not an "official" naming method, it is popular among hobbyists and collectors.

Plecos are generally flattened with a large, round head and skinnier body. The body is covered by hard plates and many have strong spines in their fins and even along the body. The mouths are on the underside of the fish and are used to rasp food from hard surfaces and to help the pleco maintain its position in the water flow.

Plecos are commonly purchased by new and experienced aquarists alike as algae-eaters; most plecos do not eat algae or need other foods in their diet as well. The genera Ancistrus, Peckoltia and Otocinclus are a few common, smaller plecos that will help control algae without eating live plants. Many others are omnivores (eat both plant matter and meaty foods), carnivores (primarily eat meaty foods) or scavengers (eat whatever they can find). Some plecos, notably those from the Panaque genus, even eat wood as part of their diet.

Many plecos also get very large and their size as well as their waste production make them unsuitable for small aquariums. The very common Trinidad Pleco/Common Pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus) grows close to two feet in length. As with any other tank residents, choose plecos carefully with respect to their size, behavior and diet.


F90 0022 1226
That Fish Place
Common NameEmerald Pleco - Large
Scientific NameBaryancistrus demantoides/Hemiancistrus subviridis L200
OriginSouth America
Max Size (in inches)7.5
Community SafeYes
pH Range6.0-7.6
DietOmnivore (mostly plants), wood
Min Tank Size (in gallons)55
Temperature Range72-78
DifficultyEasy to Moderate
Internal Id

State Restrictions
Armed Forces Americas
Armed Forces Europe
Armed Forces Pacific
Puerto Rico


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